The Chiquitanía ecological region mostly consists of semi-humid, semi-deciduous, subtropical lowland forest. It is an ecological transition zone between the humid Southwest Amazonia and the dry Chaco ecological regions.

Recommended eBird Hotspots in the Chiquitanía:
Caparú Biological Station
Lomas de Arena
Mirador de Tucabaca
San Miguelito Jaguar Conservation Ranch
Santa Cruz Botanical Gardens

Bolivian Endemics and Near-Endemics:
Thamnophilus sticturus/Bolivian Slaty-Antshrike

Threatened species:
Crax fasciolata/Bare-faced Curassow
Patagioenas subvinacea/Ruddy Pigeon
Agamia agami
/Agami Heron
Buteogallus coronatus
/Chaco or Crowned Solitary Eagle
Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus
/Channel-billed or Yellow-ridged Toucan
Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae
/Santarem or Madeira Parakeet
Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus
/Hyacinth Macaw
Hypocnemis ochrogyna
/Rondonia Warbling-Antbird

Other ecoregion specialties:
Brachygalba lugubris/Brown Jacamar
Nonnula ruficapilla
/Rufous-capped Nunlet
Selenidera gouldii
/Gould’s Toucanet
Daptrius ater
/Black Caracara
Thamnophilus amazonicus
/Amazonian Antshrike
Cercomacroides nigrescens
/Blackish Antbird