The Southwest Amazonia ecological region is made up of evergreen, tropical lowland rainforest. Its main forest types include upland (terra firme) and floodplain (whitewater várzea and blackwater igapó) forest.

Two Bolivian endemics are found in this region along with 16 threatened species and a whopping 266 additional ecoregion specialties, all of which are listed below.

Recommended eBird Hotspots in Southwest Amazonia:
Área Protegida y Reserva Natural Aquicuana
Área Protegida Municipal Curichi Cuajo & El Cafetal
Caparú Biological Station
Chalalán Lodge
Chuchini Ecological Reserve
Heath River Wildlife Center
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, Flor de Oro
Sadiri Lodge

Bolivian Endemics and Near-Endemics:
Hylopezus auricularis/Masked Antpitta
Turdus haplochrous
/Unicolored Thrush

Threatened species:
Tinamus tao/Gray Tinamou
Crax globulosa
/Wattled Curassow
Crax fasciolata
/Bare-faced Curassow
Patagioenas subvinacea
/Ruddy Pigeon
Neomorphus geoffroyi
/Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo
Psophia viridis
/Dark-winged or Green-winged Trumpeter
Agamia agami/Agami Heron
Capito dayi
/Black-girdled Barbet
Ramphastos vitellinus culminatus
/Channel-billed or Yellow-ridged Toucan
Touit huetii
/Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet
Pyrrhura perlata
/Crimson-bellied Parakeet
Pyrrhura amazonum snethlageae/Santarem or Madeira Parakeet
Primolius couloni
/Blue-headed Macaw
Hypocnemis ochrogyna
/Rondonia Warbling-Antbird
Zimmerius cinereicapilla
/Red-billed Tyrannulet
Cnipodectes superrufus
/Rufous Twistwing

Other ecoregion specialties:
Tinamus major/Great Tinamou
Tinamus guttatus/White-throated Tinamou
Crypturellus cinereus
/Cinereous Tinamou
Crypturellus strigulosus
/Brazilian Tinamou
Crypturellus variegatus
/Variegated Tinamou
Crypturellus bartletti
/Bartlett’s Tinamou
Odontophorus stellatus
/Starred Wood-Quail
Pipile cumanensis cumanensis
/Blue-throated Piping-Guan
Pipile cujubi
/Red-throated Piping-Guan
Geotrygon violacea
/Violaceous Quail-Dove
Dromococcyx pavoninus
/Pavonine Cuckoo
Piaya melanogaster
/Black-bellied Cuckoo
Nyctipolus nigrescens
/Blackish Nightjar
Antrostomus sericocaudatus
/Silky-tailed Nightjar
Cypseloides senex
/Great Dusky Swift
Chaetura egregia
/Pale-rumped Swift
Panyptila cayennensis
/Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift
Threnetes leucurus
/Pale-tailed Barbthroat
Phaethornis nattereri
/Cinnamon-throated Hermit
Phaethornis stuarti
/White-browed Hermit
Phaethornis philippii/Needle-billed Hermit
Polytmus theresiae
/Green-tailed Goldenthroat
Chrysolampis mosquitus/Ruby-topaz Hummingbird
Lophornis chalybeus verreauxii
/Festive or Butterfly Coquette
Amazilia versicolor
/Versicolored Emerald
Opisthocomus hoazin
/Hoatzin
Anurolimnas castaneiceps
/Chestnut-headed Crake
Laterallus exilis
/Gray-breasted Crake
Pardirallus nigricans
/Blackish Rail
Amaurolimnas concolor
/Uniform Crake
Gallinago undulata
/Giant Snipe
Morphnus guianensis
/Crested Eagle
Accipiter poliogaster
/Gray-bellied Hawk
Buteogallus schistaceus
/Slate-collared Hawk
Leucopternis kuhli
/White-browed Hawk
Megascops roraimae
/Foothill or Vermiculated Screech-Owl
Lophostrix cristata
/Crested Owl
Ciccaba virgata
/Mottled Owl
Glaucidium hardyi
/Amazonian Pygmy-Owl
Pharomachrus pavoninus
/Pavonine Quetzal
Trogon viridis
/Green-backed Trogon
Trogon romanianus
/Amazonian Trogon
Trogon rufus
/Black-throated Trogon
Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus
/Purus Jacamar
Brachygalba albogularis
/White-throated Jacamar
Brachygalba lugubris
/Brown Jacamar
Galbula cyanicollis
/Blue-cheeked Jacamar
Galbula leucogastra
/Bronzy Jacamar
Galbula dea
/Paradise Jacamar
Jacamerops aureus
/Great Jacamar
Notharchus ordii
/Brown-banded Puffbird
Notharchus tectus
/Pied Puffbird
Bucco macrodactylus
/Chestnut-capped Puffbird
Bucco tamatia/Spotted Puffbird
Bucco capensis
/Collared Puffbird
Nystalus striolatus
/Natterer’s Striolated-Puffbird
Malacoptila semicincta
/Semicollared Puffbird
Malacoptila rufa
/Rufous-necked Puffbird
Nunnula sclateri
/Fulvous-chinned Nunlet
Nonnula ruficapilla
/Rufous-capped Nunlet
Monasa flavirostris
/Yellow-billed Nunbird
Eubucco richardsoni
/Lemon-throated Barbet
Eubucco tucinkae
/Scarlet-hooded Barbet
Aulacorhynchus prasinus atrogularis
/Emerald or Black-throated Toucanet
Selenidera reinwardtii langsdorffii
/Golden-collared or Green-billed Toucanet
Selenidera gouldii
/Gould’s Toucanet
Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
/Curl-crested Aracari
Pteroglossus bitorquatus sturmii
/(Western) Red-necked Aracari
Picumnus fuscus
/Rusty-necked Piculet
Picumnus rufiventris
/Rufous-breasted Piculet
Celeus grammicus
/Scale-breasted Woodpecker
Celeus flavus
/Cream-colored Woodpecker
Celeus spectabilis
/Rufous-headed Woodpecker
Celeus elegans
/Chestnut Woodpecker
Piculus flavigula
/Yellow-throated Woodpecker
Colaptes punctigula
/Spot-breasted Woodpecker
Micrastur gilvicollis
/Lined Forest-Falcon
Micrastur mintoni
/Cryptic Forest-Falcon
Micrastur mirandollei
/Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon
Daptrius ater/Black Caracara
Nannopsittaca dachilleae
/Amazonian or Manu Parrotlet
Brotogeris
sanctithomae/Tui Parakeet
Brorogeris chrysoptera
/Golden-winged Parakeet
Pyrilia barrabandi
/Orange-cheeked Parrot
Amazona festiva festiva
/Festive Parrot or Southern Festive Amazon
Forpus modestus
/Dusky-billed Parrotlet
Pionites leucogaster xanthomerius
/White-bellied or Black-legged Parrot
Pyrrhura roseifrons
/Rose-fronted Parakeet
Pyrrhura rupicola
/Black-capped Parakeet
Primolius couloni
/Blue-headed Macaw
Ara macao
/Scarlet Macaw
Euchrepomis humeralis/Chestnut-shouldered Antwren
Cymbilaimus lineatus
/Fasciated Antshrike
Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae
/Bamboo Antshrike
Frederickena unduliger
/Undulated Antshrike
Thamnophilus murinus
/Mous-colored Antshrike
Thamnophilus amazonicus
/Amazonian Antshrike
Thamnomanes ardesiacus
/Dusky-throated Antshrike
Thamnomanes saturninus
/Saturnine Antshrike
Thamnomanes caesius
/Cinereous Antshrike
Isleria hauxwelli
/Plain-throated Antwren
Pygiptila stellaris
/Spot-winged Antshrike
Epinecrophylla leucophthalma
/White-eyed Antwren
Epinecrophylla haematonota
/Stipple-throated Antwren
Epinecrophylla ornata
/Ornate Antwren
Myrmotherula sclateri
/Sclater’s Antwren
Myrmotherula multostriata
/Amazonian Streaked-Antwren
Myrmotherula longipennis
/Long-winged Antwren
Myrmotherula iheringi
/Ihering’s Antwren
Myrmotherula assimilis
/Leaden Antwren
Dichrozona cincta
/Banded Antbird
Microrhopias quixensis
/Dot-winged Antwren
Formicivora grisea
/(Southern) White-fringed Antwren
Hypocnemis peruviana
/Peruvian Warbling-Antbird
Hypocnemis subflava
/Yellow-breasted Warbling-Antbird
Hypocnemis ochrogyna
/Rondonia Warbling-Antbird
Cercomacroides serva
/Black Antbird
Cercomacroides nigrescens
/Blackish Antbird
Cercomacroides fuscicauda
/Riparian Antbird
Cercomacra manu
/Manu Antbird
Myrmoborus leucophrys
/White-browed Antbird
Myrmoborus lophotes
/White-lined Antbird
Myrmochanes hemileucus
/Black-and-white Antbird
Sclateria naevia
/Silvered Antbird
Myrmelastes hyperythrus
/Plumbeous Antbird
Myrmelastes humaythae
/Humaita Antbird
Myrmelastes brunneiceps
/Brownish-headed Antbird
Akletos goeldii
/Goeldi’s Antbird
Hafferia fortis
/Sooty Antbird
Gymnopithys salvini
/White-throated Antbird
Rhegmatorhina melanosticta
/Hairy-crested Antbird
Hylophylax punctulatus
/Dot-backed Antbird
Willisornis poecilinotus
/Common Scale-backed Antbird
Phlegopsis nigromaculata
/Black-spotted Bare-eye
Phlegopsis erythroptera
/Reddish-winged Bare-eye
Conopophaga peruviana
/Ash-throated Gnateater
Hylopezus berlepschi
/Amazonian Antpitta
Myrmothera campanisona
/Thrush-like Antpitta
Liosceles thoracicus
/Rusty-belted Tapaculo
Formicarius colma
/Rufous-capped Antthrush
Formicarius rufifrons
/Rufous-fronted Antthrush
Chamaeza nobilis
/Striated Antthrush
Sclerurus mexicanus
/Tawny-throated Leaftosser
Sclerurus rufigularis
/Short-billed Leaftosser
Sclerurus caudacutus
/Black-tailed Leaftosser
Dendrocincla merula
/White-chinned Woodcreeper
Dendrexetastes rufigula
/Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper
Nasica longirostris
/Long-billed Woodcreeper
Hylexetastes stresemanni
/Bar-bellied Woodcreeper
Hylexetastes perrotii
/Red-billed Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus obsoletus
/Striped Woodcreeper
Xiphorhynchus elegans
/Elegant Woodcreeper
Lepidocolaptes fuscicapillus
/Rondonia or Dusky-capped Woodcreeper
Xenops tenuirostris
/Slender-billed Xenops
Microxenops milleri
/Rufous-tailed Xenops
Berlepschia rikeri
/Point-tailed Palmcreeper
Anabazenops dorsalis
/Dusky-cheeked Foliage-gleaner
Philydor erythrocercum
/Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner
Philydor erythropterum
/Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner
Philydor pyrrhodes
/Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner
Anabacerthia ruficaudata
/Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner
Syndactyla ucayalae
/Peruvian Recurvebill
Ancistrops strigilatus
/Chestnut-winged Hookbill
Clibanornis rubiginosus
/Ruddy Foliage-gleaner
Automolus rufipileatus
/Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner
Automolus melanopezus
/Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner
Automolus subulatus
/Striped or Amazonian Woodhaunter
Automolus infuscatus
/Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner
Metopothrix aurantiaca
/Orange-fronted Plushcrown
Thripophaga fusciceps
/Plain Softtail
Cranioleuca vulpecula
/Parker’s Spinetail
Cranioleuca gutturata
/Speckled Spinetail
Mazaria propinqua
/White-bellied Spinetail
Synallaxis rutilans
/Ruddy Spinetail
Synallaxis cherriei
/Chestnut-throated Spinetail
Phyllomyias fasciatus
/Planalto Tyrannulet
Tyrannulus elatus
/Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet
Elaenia gigas
/Mottle-backed Elaenia
Elaenia pelzelni
/Brownish Elaenia
Serpophaga hypoleuca
/Torrent Tyrannulet
Capsiempis flaveola
/Yellow Tyrannulet
Zimmerius cinereicapilla
/Red-billed Tyrannulet
Zimmerius gracilipes
/Slender-footed Tyrannulet
Mionectes olivaceus
/Olive-striped Flycatcher
Sublegatus modestus
/Southern Scrub-Flycatcher
Inezia subflava
/Amazonian Tyrannulet
Lophotriccus eulophotes
/Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant
Hemitriccus iohannis
/Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant
Hemitriccus minimus
/Zimmer’s Tody-Tyrant
Poecilotriccus albifacies
/White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher
Todirostrum maculatum
/Spotted Tody-Flycatcher
Cnipodectes subbrunneus
/BrownishTwistwing
Cnipodectes superrufus
/Rufous Twistwing
Rhynchocyclus olivaceus
/Olivaceous Flatbill
Tolmomyias poliocephalus
/Gray-crowned Flycatcher or Flatbill
Platyrinchus coronatus
/Golden-crowned Spadebill
Platyrinchus platyrhynchos
/White-crested Spadebill
Onychorhynchus coronatus
/(Amazonian) Royal Flycatcher
Neopipo cinnamomea
/Cinnamon Manakin-Tyrant
Myiobius villosus
/Tawny-breasted Flycatcher
Ochthornis littoralis
/Drab Water Tyrant
Myiozetetes granadensis
/Gray-capped Flycatcher
Myiozetetes luteiventris
/Dusky-chested Flycatcher
Conopias parvus
/Yellow-throated Flycatcher
Conopias trivirgatus
/Three-striped Flycatcher
Tyrannopsis sulphurea
/Sulphury Flycatcher
Rhytipterna immunda
/Pale-bellied Mourner
Ramphotrigon ruficauda
/Rufous-tailed Flatbill
Ramphotrigon fuscicauda
/Dusky-tailed Flatbill
Attila cinnamomeus
/Cinnamon Attila
Attila citriniventris
/Citron-bellied Attila
Cotinga maynana
/Plum-throated Cotinga
Cotinga cayana
/Spangled Cotinga
Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema
/Purple-throated Cotinga
Xipholena punicea
/Pompadour Cotinga
Conioptilon mcilhennyi
/Black-faced Cotinga
Tyranneutes stolzmanni
/Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin
Neopelma pallescens
/Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin
Antilophia galeata
/Helmeted Manakin
Chiroxiphia pareola
/Blue-backed Manakin
Xenopipo atronitens
/Black Manakin
Lepidothrix coronata
/Blue-crowned Manakin
Heterocercus linteatus
/Flame-crowned Manakin
Manacus manacus
/White-bearded Manakin
Ceratopipra rubrocapilla
/Red-headed Manakin
Schiffornis major
/Varzea Schiffornis
Iodopleura isabellae
/White-browed Purpletuft
Pachyramphus castaneus
/Chestnut-crowned Becard
Pachyramphus marginatus
/Black-capped Becard
Hylophilus semicinereus
/Gray-chested Greenlet
Hylophilus thoracicus
/Lemon-chested Greenlet
Tunchiornis ochraceiceps
/Tawny-crowned Greenlet
Pachysylvia hypoxantha
/Dusky-capped Greenlet
Pachysylvia muscicapina
/Buff-cheeked Greenlet
Cyanocorax violaceus
/Violaceous Jay
Atticora tibialis
/White-thighed Swallow
Odontorchilus cinereus
/Tooth-billed Wren
Cantorchilus leucotis
/Buff-breasted Wren
Cyphorhinus arada
/Musician Wren
Microbates cinereiventris
/Half-collared Gnatwren
Turdus lawrencii
/Lawrence’s Thrush
Parkerthraustes humeralis
/Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak
Hemithraupis flavicollis
/Yellow-backed Tanager
Conirostrum margaritae
/Pearly-breasted Conebill
Islerothraupis cristata
/Flame-crested Tanager
Tachyphonus phoenicius
/Red-shouldered Tanager
Ramphocelus nigrogularis
/Masked Crimson Tanager
Lanio versicolor
/White-winged Shrike-Tanager
Cyanerpes nitidus
/Short-billed Honeycreeper
Dacnis flaviventer
/Yellow-bellied Dacnis
Sporophila castaneiventris
/Chestnut-bellied Seedeater
Sporophila atrirostris
/Black-billed Seed-Finch
Sporophila americana
/Wing-barred Seedeater
Saltator grossus
/Slate-colored Grosbeak
Stilpnia nigrocincta
/Masked Tanager
Tangara velia
/Opal-rumped Tanager
Tangara callophrys
/Opal-crowned Tanager
Tangara schrankii
/Green-and-gold Tanager
Lamprospiza melanoleuca
/Red-billed Pied Tanager
Granatellus pelzelni
/Rose-breasted Chat
Myiothlypis rivularis
/Riverbank Warbler
Psarocolius viridis
/Green Oropendola
Cacicus oseryi
/Casqued Cacique or Oropendola
Icterus cayanensis
/Epaulet Oriole
Lampropsar tanagrinus boliviensis
/Velvet-fronted or Bolivian Grackle
Sturnella militaris
/Red-breasted Meadowlark