Discover more about the birds of Bolivia and why the country should be a Top Birding Destination.
With a total of 1437 species recorded to date, Bolivia is the fifth richest Neotropical country and the sixth richest country globally in terms of bird diversity.
Bolivia has 17 endemics, plus an additional 10 species that are nearly endemic and thus best observed in Bolivia. Learn all about the endemic species here.
Bolivia is the most species-rich landlocked country in the world for birds.
When excluding marine birds and considering land area encompassed within national boundaries, bird species density (number of species per 1000 km2) in Bolivia (1.29) is very similar to that of Peru (1.35) and Colombia (1.54), and over six times greater than that of Brazil (0.20) – and 33 times greater than that of North America (0.04)!
Bolivia is home to no less than 12 species of macaws (two of them being endemic) – more than any other country on Earth.
Bolivia is home to a total of 22 National Protected Areas. Among these diverse and amazing places is the world’s richest protected area, Madidi National Park, which is less than half the size of Costa Rica but home to more bird species.
Bolivia is a country of breathtaking landscapes, ecoregional extremes, and ecoregional transitions, ranging from lush Amazonian rain forest in the north to arid Chaco thorn scrub in the south – from dripping wet cloud and elfin forest to inter-Andean cactus forest or bone-dry southern Puna grassland and extensive salt flats – from Cerrado and seasonally inundated grassland at almost sea level to glacier fields on high-Andean peaks
Most ecological regions and habitats are still fairly well preserved compared to other Neotropical countries, providing for unique bird watching experiences.